Both Oral Hygienists and Dental Therapists are trained clinicians and although they are specialized, their training overlaps to a large extent, which leads to a school of thought that they should be merged. Oral Hygienists undertake some procedures and work also undertaken by Dentists. However, at present, Professionals Complementary to Dentistry (PCDs) cannot charge consumers directly for their services, or claim from Third Party Health Funders and be compensated on the same bases as Dentists are for similar corresponding procedures. As gatekeepers, Dentists essentially determine which of their own and which of the PCDs’ services are offered to patients. Consideration should be given to allow Oral Hygienists to practice independently and claim from Third Party Health Funders if they so desire. Oral Hygienists and Dental Therapists' services could be utilized better by expanding their deployment into independent private practice and provide direct public service, with a focus on preventive dentistry and oral hygiene education.

The cost of training a Dental Therapist is half of that of a Dentist. The cost of employing a Dental Therapist is half of that of a Dentist and claimed to form a strategic fit with the provision of a basic package of dental care service in the public sector. The workload in the public sector involves primarily the delivery of the basic minimum package of dental care as prescribed by the Minister of Health.